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Upstate New York’s cities take in around 90 percent of all refugees coming to the state. Since the 1970s, waves of refugees have helped arrest declining population and injected much-needed energy into their new communities.As refugees become more established they transform neglected neighborhoods, open new businesses and establish services to provide support for the next wave of arrivals. They also face several unique challenges.While studies put an overall positive spin on the economic impact of refugee arrivals, that doesn’t tell the complete story. We're taking a look at how these arrivals are weaving their way into the region’s changing economy.

Refugees revitalize Rust Belt city of Buffalo

Upstate New York cities take in around 90 percent of all current refugee resettlements in the state. All this week, The Innovation Trail is taking a look at how that diverse population has weaved its way into the region’s changing economy.

In Buffalo, a handful of students from countries all over the world are sitting in a class at Journey’s End Refugee Services.They are learning how to become janitors for local businesses. The group nods as a student explains an assignment to them.

It wasn’t that long ago that the group’s teacher, Bishnu Adhikari, was sitting in their seat trying to understand English and the concept of a mop, bucket and vacuum.Adhikari and his wife Chitra came to the United States in 1992. Before their arrival in Buffalo, they'd spent 17 years in a refugee camp in Nepal.

“We were thinking Buffalo means animal. That’s what we heard,” Adhikari recalls.

Erie County services the most refugee arrivals in New York state. In 2012, the City of Buffalo assisted more than 1,000 refugees, most of whom were from Bhutan like Adhikari and his wife.

"When I came to the Buffalo airport I found my case manager. We shook hands, but I was like, ‘Oh no, who is this boy? What is he asking for?’ But he called my name and said, ‘Bishnu, I am your case manager, and you are welcomed to Buffalo,'" he said.

When Adhikari and his wife arrived at their new apartment, there were many things they’d never seen before, like the stove.

“He showed us how to use gassy stove. The gassy stove was very new for us because we were using fire to cook. We don’t know how to turn it on or use it,” said Adhikari.

And the couple didn't eat for a few days.

"We didn’t find our food for a couple of days. After some days, we saw the grocery store, we went there and bought [food]. She started to cook."

After settling into the new apartment, Adhikari enrolled in classes at Journey’s End Refugee Services to learn English. Now he is working as a vocational trainer and employment specialist himself, talking to his students solely in English.

“They have no way to move back to their country where they use their language," said Adhikari. "They need to use English properly because this is their country now."

Adhikari says his students are learning more than how to be a housekeeper or janitor.

"They are also learning new things. For example, how to sit for the interview and what the new challenges are that they are going to face. Also, how to call 911 if something happens on the way to their workplace."

Every year, Journey’s End places more than 300 refugees in sectors like food service, hospitality, and manufacturing.

Bryana DiFonzo, a volunteer manger with the agency, says refugees are a crucial part of the local business community.

"They’re really motivated to work hard because for them, it’s more than a job," he said. "It’s the chance to actually be able to provide for their family again, which they may not have been able to do for the last several decades."

Force to be reckoned with

More importantly, DiFonzo says refugees are also bringing a new wave of energy to a city whose population has declined.

“They’ll be the people that are taking the initiative, who are opening the businesses, who are founding cultural organizations, who are making the schools better. They’re there, they’re willing to work on it, and they want to see their new city succeed.” 

In order for refugees to succeed in making a better Buffalo, DiFonzo said, they need the help of the community.

"If you’re behind someone in line at the grocery store and there are having trouble counting the change, instead of being frustrated and upset," he suggests, "you could be supportive and calm and either help them or just wait until they’re done, and that’s going to be huge."

Bishnu Adhikari says if longtime residents and refugees work together, the city will be a force to reckon with.

WBFO/Western New York reporter for the Innovation Trail.
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