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The 800 pound butter sculpture of a scene off the farm (seen here on the World Dairy Business Blog) is usually the headliner at the Dairy Building of the New York State Fair.But people wait in a long line for another hot item being used to promote New York’s dairy industry: a cup of milk that costs a quarter at the dairy bar.That includes a young James Moore, who says "It’s the best chocolate milk and white milk I’ve ever tasted in my life." "The Chocolate is more chocolaty and it’s nice and cold."The milk is all whole milk, which probably helps. Chocolate milk rules overall. The milk bar serves five cups of chocolate for every cup of plain milk.Mary Ellen Chesbro, agricultural manager for the fair says the total cups served goes up every year. This year, she's hoping the milk bar will top 400,000 cups of milk out this year.The whole operation is run by a task force of volunteers from the dairy industry, from farmers to distributors. The goal is to promote New York dairy – the state’s biggest agricultural product.Seventeen-year old Dale Durant, who serves milk to fairgoers says it can get pretty busy at the counter."Really nice days there’s a lot of people here. Weekends we get really busy."So to get a taste, go when it’s raining.And keep an eye out for the other smart entrepreneurial move in the Dairy building - the Syracuse bakery selling cookies next to the milk bar.

Ag tech start-ups show explosive growth

Peggy Lowe/Harvest Public Media

The Western Farm Show in Kansas City, Missouri, is a long way from Silicon Valley.

But here in a huge arena, set in what used to be the Kansas City Stockyards, the high-tech future of agriculture is for sale.

Casey Adams and Scott Jackman, co-owners of Fly Ag Tech, have their large yellow and white drone sitting at center stage in their booth at this huge annual trade show.

“It’s got a GPS, so it knows where it’s at,” he said. “Underneath here, you’ll see an autopilot, it’s an onboard computer.”

Actually, the drone is not for sale. What the company is selling is what is driving the ag tech industry today: data.

study released last month by AgFunder, an online investment platform for investors, showed investment in food and agriculture technology startups reached $4.6 billion in 2015, nearly doubling the previous year’s report. The leading driver of that growth was investment in drones and robotics — a whopping 237 percent increase in that sector over 2014, or $389 million in 2015.

Louisa Burwood-Taylor of Ag Funder News says agriculture was the forgotten sector until recently.

“There’s an increasing realization that the world is limited, and in many cases, declining natural resources (are) at our disposal,” Burwood-Taylor said. “So I think investors and entrepreneurs are starting to really wake up to that fact that a huge amount of innovation is needed if we’re going to feed a growing population.”

Fly Ag Tech was started in 2015 in Kansas City and is still in what Jackman calls the “friends and family” stage of gathering seed money.

Companies like Fly Ag Tech are making what’s called “precision agriculture” even more precise. The company wants to help farmers get more information so they can make better decisions, saving potential input costs and growing better yields. Flying overhead, the drone gathers that information with a built-in infrared camera; an agronomist analyzes the data and then offers a prescription for the farmer.

Fly Ag Tech services will be used most frequently from emergence of seeds in the spring through the harvest, Jackman said.

“The producer clearly knows what he’s doing before he plants. He decides what plant to put in, he decides what rate to put the corn or the bean in the ground,” he said. “And he knows clearly what the yield is, because he has combines that have yield monitors or he has sales tickets. All this data exists, but nobody’s been able to quantify it yet.”

Ron LeMay, a managing director at Open Air Equity Partners, a private venture capital firm headquartered in Kansas City, is bullish on ag technology. Open Air has just one ag client in its portfolio, an analytics tech company now headed by LeMay called Farm Link.

“We’re on track from an ag tech perspective to develop the capabilities to give people insights into how to farm more precisely, farm more productively,” he said. “Develop better products, if you’re agribusiness — do better grain pricing, risk management.”

Asked for his reaction to the many companies and investors jumping into ag tech:

“My reaction is basically hooray,” he said. “The country needs a lot of funds going into ag tech.”

Others in the industry say it’s a chaotic landscape. Small startups are popping up all over, big companies like Monsanto and Syngenta are getting in, and even tech companies are entering the fray. Last year Google’s venture-capital arm dumped $15 million into a network that crunches data on seeds and soil.

David Muth, senior vice president at AgSolver, a two-year-old Iowa company, recently gave a report on ag startups at the 2016 Lenox Soil Health Conference in Lenox, Iowa.

“The ag information technology space right now is absolute chaos. There’s new startups popping up all the time,” he said. “There’s $10 million, $30 million, $50 million investments being made all over the place.”

Fly Ag Tech’s Jackman would agree.

“An analogy is the wild, wild West,” he said. “Everybody’s reaching into it right now and trying to figure out how to help producers out.” 

Harvest Public Media is a reporting collaboration focused on issues of food, fuel and field. Based at KCUR in Kansas City, Harvest also is a partner of Innovation Trail.